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Indian Americans by Numbers

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July 2010
Indian Americans by Numbers Over 40 percent of this country’s Indian-born population arrived in 2000 or after, according to a new report put out by the Migration Policy Institute. Titled “Indian Immigrants in the United States,” the report is by Aaron Terrazas and Cristina Batog. They note that, between 2007 and 2008, the Indian-born population here overtook the Chinese and Hong Kong-born groups to become the third largest immigrant group in the U.S. Only the Mexican and the Filipino immigrant populations are larger. Over the last two decades, the Indian-born population here grew by 1.2 million (about 65,000 every year). Here are excerpts from the report, courtesy of the Migration Information Source:

* Nearly half of all Indian immigrants resided in California, New Jersey, New York, and Texas.
* The Indian-born accounted for about one in 10 immigrants in six states.
* Between 2000 and 2008, the size of the Indian immigrant population more than doubled in 10 states.
*Indian immigrants made up at least 10 percent of the immigrant population in 10 metropolitan areas.
*There were 2.3 million members of the Indian diaspora residing in the United States in 2008.
Year Foreign born Indian born
Number Share of all foreign born Rank (a)
1960 9,738,091 12,296 0.1% 42
1970 9,619,302 51,000 0.5% 30
1980 14,079,906 206,087 1.5% 16
1990 19,797,316 450,406 2.3% 12
2000 31,107,889 1,022,552 3.3% 4
2008 37,960,773 1,622,522 4.3% 3

Source: Migration Policy Institute.
Notes: a Rank refers to the position of the Indian born relative to other immigrant groups in terms of size of the population residing in the United States in a given census year.
Source: Data for 2000 from the 2000 census; data for 2008 from the American Community Survey 2008. Data for earlier decades from Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon, "Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990" (Working Paper No. 29, US Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1999).

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