US CIS ANNOUNCES CHANGE IN PHOTO STANDARDS
On August 2nd, US CIS announced a change in photo requirements for all applicants from a three-quarter face position to a standard, full frontal face position. As of that date, US CIS began accepting both types of photos for all applications; after September 1st, only full frontal face photographs will be accepted. The application process of applicants who have already submitted materials that include color photos with the three-quarter standard will not be affected by this change. Furthermore, photos must be no more than 30 days old when an application is filed.
US CIS EXTENDS VALIDITY PERIOD OF EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZATION DOCUMENTS
USCIS has published an interim rule permitting most Employment Authorization Documents (EADs), also popularly referred to as work permits, to be issued for time periods of over one year. The rule, published on July 30, 2004, is effective immediately. The rule amends the regulations regarding the issuance of EADs to allow the USCIS to establish validity periods for EADs based upon a number of stated factors. Before this adjustment, EADs generally were valid for one year, except in certain cases like for spouses on E-2 or L-2 status who were able to obtain EADs for longer than one year. Now, under the interim rule, an EAD may be issued for a period longer or shorter than the one year timeframe. This rule applies to applications for initial EADs as well as extensions and replacement cards.
This change is part of the ongoing effort to streamline the USCIS and reduce the case processing backlogs. EAD filings represent a substantial portion of the USCIS workload. They receive over 950,000 EAD requests each year. Thus, permitting validity periods in excess of one year should help to considerably reduce the USCIS workload.
Under the interim rule, the USCIS will have discretion and flexibility to establish the length of EADs for various categories of eligible individuals. They will be able to consider relevant factors such as security considerations, application processing times, response times for background checks, the individuals' immigration statuses, or other factors that they deem relevant. The regulation allows the USCIS to both increase and decrease the validity of the EAD period, as appropriate to the situation.
US CIS ALLOWS STATUS EXTENSIONS TO STUDENTS WHO ARE WAITING FOR H1B1 EMPLOYMENT TO COMMENCE ON OCTOBER 1ST
On July 23, 2004, USCIS published a , which may not occur before October 1, 2004 due to the cap being met early this year. "...If the prospective employer has timely filed a change of status...to H 1B...that is received by DHS on or before July 30, 2004 and contains an employment start date of no later than October 1, 2004..." The duration of status [D/S] for F 1 and J 1 students [not subject to the two year home residency requirement] will be extended until October 1, 2004 unless the H 1B petition is denied prior to that date.
On August 8, 2004, Associate Director of Operations of US CIS issued a memorandum to Service Center Directors and Regional Directors addressing questions which have arisen since the publication of the above-mentioned Federal Register notice.
ONE-TIME PAROLE CAN NOW BE GRANTED TO VISA WAIVER
On August 12, 2004, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a Press Release announcing that CBP officers will now have discretion to grant one-time parole to "no-risk travelers" who overstayed under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP).
The CBP Commissioner Robert C. Bonner stated: "A number of situations have come to my attention where CBP officers have denied entry to travelers from Visa Waiver Program Countries...because of brief overstays...although these travelers posed no threat whatsoever to the U.S." The treatment is this case involves detention and handcuffing, which is "grossly disproportionate to the inadvertent prior overstays," said Bonner. He has "directed CBP [officers] to see that parole is granted...except where the person poses a threat for terrorism, criminality, or is likely to become an economic migrant."
This one-time parole is based upon the discretion of the CBP port directors and supervisors at ports of entry and is granted on a case-by-case basis.
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